New Delhi, India (Urban Transport News): In a recent conversation with TOI, Achal Khare, Managing Director of National High Speed Rail Corporation Ltd (NHSRCL) has said that the corporation has submitted the draft project report for the Delhi-Varanasi High Speed Rail Corridor to Ministry of Railways. "We will give all details in the final report. The idea is if the project is sanctioned, we can start work from day one. All routes will be justified on economic returns," he said.
Talking about the current status of Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Corridor, Khare said, "We have got 95% land in Gujarat and out of 351 km falling in the state, contracts for 325 km has been awarded. The project is now fully into the construction phase. All the remaining civil packages in the Gujarat portion will be awarded during the current calendar year. In Maharashtra, 24% of the land has been acquired. But this is very scattered and we can’t even take up work on 10-15 km."
"In Palghar, we were quite successful. We had carried out joint measurement surveys in 71 out of 73 villages. It shows that people are largely not against the project. We completed 450 sale deeds in Maharashtra, all on consent, and in only Palghar we have done 220 such sale deeds. But we need to have 1,200 sale deeds. People are ready to give the land, the major issue is their land records," he explained.
"There are plots, around 500, where land ownership is not clear. There are plots where 150 or 200 names are entered in the records. They call it ‘gola plot’. There is no ready-made solution to this. In Gujarat also, we had issues of plots where there were 20 owners of a plot. We discussed it with the Gujarat government and they extended all help to resolve ownership issues. We could settle issues there quite well. But in Palghar, in many cases the real owners and persons in possession of land are different," Khare said.
He also discussed how the covid pandemic is affecting the deadline of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail project. "The Covid impact will be there. But we are trying to do something by December 2023 or early 2024. We have aligned the contractor also on this thinking that let’s try and achieve something in one section for the trial purpose. I am in talks with the Japanese side. We have not been able to concretize all this. But they are agreeing to this kind of arrangement. We are trying that something is done in 2023. If not fully, our attempt is let’s partially fulfill the dream," he said.
Talking about the benefits of technology transfer from Japan, Khare said, "Let me start with areas where we had nothing. Metro and railways have ballastless tracks and these are fit for 80, 90 or 100 kmph. But the tracks that the Japanese are making are fit for 350 kmph train speed. So, with a lot of discussions, last year they agreed to open this area to Indian contractors. This is a major achievement. Every supervisor and the workers of the contractor will be trained first and certified by Japanese experts before being put on the job. We have estimated 800 supervisors and workers will have to be trained for this. This will help us get construction track technology, which is fit for 350 kmph."
"Second is steel fabrication which requires very high skill. Initially, this was kept for Japanese players. A committee of experts came up with the finding that right now this does not exist in India, but can be achieved. To ensure that the trained workforce doesn’t deviate from the standard while doing it, there will be two international experts at the welding facility throughout the fabrication process at the workshop. Now, this package is open to Indian players. After doing this project, the fabrication quality in India will improve significantly," he added.
"Another area was the quality of steel. They were insisting on Japanese quality. We took their standards and shared it with big manufacturers. It took us about a year and they confirmed that they will be able to produce quality steel of Japanese standard. So, all steel is going to be manufactured in India," he further said.
Commenting on possibilities in self-reliance in high-speed rail in India, Khare said, "Yes, we can do civil works, steel fabrication and track ourselves. Only in two areas, we would need some hand holding; one of them is rolling stock. We have estimated 24 train sets and six will be done here. Because most of the material is not manufactured in India, the six will be brought in complete knockdown condition but assembled and tested here. So, even assembling and testing will require an investment of about Rs 300 crore by Indian manufacturers. We estimate if there is a demand of around 100-150 in a year, probably setting up of a factory in India will be viable."
"Another area is signalling and telecom. Japanese are using gas-filled cables. If a small crack happens, the gas will start leaking and there is a cable monitoring system that will tell that there is a problem at a particular point. So, you can replace that before it causes a failure. That is why their reliability is so high. In India, we are not manufacturing gas-filled cables. Signalling and telecom is an area where we will need some handholding whether it’s Japanese or European technology," he said.
Responding to a question related to the allocation of funds to the project, Khare said that the government has allocated Rs 14,000 crore, which is more than Rs 1,000 crore per month. Now they will award all civil contracts in Gujarat. NHSRCL has already awarded two major contracts, which are to the tune of Rs 33,000- Rs 34,000 crore that will be carried out in the next four years. This Rs 14,000 crore will be used mostly for works.
Giving emphasis on use of indigenous products in upcoming high speed rail projects, Khare said, "I am pretty sure if all these six to seven come, probably in signaling and telecom also 70-80% can be indigenous. It’s a question of the market, we have the capability."